James Garrett Teare 1888-1917

poppyJames Garrett Teare was born 1888 in Garston, Lancashire son of Robert Teare and Elizabeth Ann Evans born in Cardiff. His father was a Saddle and Harness maker as was his older brother Robert Henry and he had a younger sister Cecilia Jane. James Garrett became a joiner apprentice and in 1911 was living at home with his widowed mother, older brother and younger sister.

We have not been able to discover more about his service record except that he enlisted in Birmingham and was a Private in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment 2nd Battn (Reg No 30038). He died on 13 May 1917 in Arras, Pas de Calais, France and is remembered on the Arras Memorial and the war memorial in St Michael’s Church, Garston, Liverpool. The £4-10 shillings army pay outstanding was paid to his brother Robert Henry as his sole legatee.


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William Burgoyne Teare 1894-1916

poppyWilliam Burgoyne Teare was born in October 1894 in Salford Lancashire son of John Teare and Josephine Elizabeth Wilton born in Tottingham Surrey. John Teare had been in the army having served as a private in the 1st Battn  3rd Reg of Foot ‘The Buffs’ in Crimea, Corfu, China and the East Indies.  His army record states he was born in Malew Parish, Castletown, IoM and was originally a sailor by trade. He was discharged with an excellent conduct record in Canterbury in 1875 and went on to become the manager of a retail coal yard in Salford.

William Burgoyne Teare had a younger sister, Ann Lilian, and in 1911 he was working as an apprentice fitter in a brass foundry.

He enlisted into the British Army on 4 January 1915 and is recorded as 5ft 4in tall with girth 34 in.  He joined the Royal Scots (Lothian Regt) 2nd Battn and served as a Private initially released from his regiment being posted to Barrow in Furness for munitions work. In October 1916 he was transferred back to his regiment and was posted to France. He was admitted to a field hospital in Somme Region suffering from ‘neurasthenia’ in September 1916 (a condition with symptoms of fatigue, anxiety, headache, neuralgia and depressed mood – probably today we would say post traumatic stress disorder) and then discharged back to his regiment from the field hospital on 3 November. His death is recorded as 13 November 1916 when he was first reported as missing, presumed dead before being confirmed as Killed in Action. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, Department de la Somme, Picardy, France. His sister Ann Lilian wrote to the War Office to  register as his next of kin.

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Centenary of Wanderer rescue after sinking of Lusitania 7 May 1915

lusitania wandererThe Cunard Line passenger liner ‘Lusitania’ was torpedoed by the U boat U20 off the Irish coast at 1400 on 7 May 1915 with the loss of about 1200 lives.

The Wanderer (PL11) a Peel built and operated fishing boat was the first on the scene of the disaster as she had been shooting her nets 10 miles south of Kinsale head when the Lusitania was torpedoed. She sailed to the scene and was able to pick up over 160 survivors. Luckily the sea was calm and they took 110 on board and towed the others in a raft and lifeboat until they could be transferred to other boats. The letters from the crew of the Wanderer provide a vivid first hand account of the final moments of the Lusitania and the efforts to rescue as many as they could in a small fishing boat which quickly became overloaded.

See http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/mannin/v6p315.htm 

The Wanderer PL11 was built in Peel in 1821 and sailed with a crew of 7 with skipper William Ball (Jurby), his son Stanley, William Gell (Ramsey), Thomas Woods, Robert Watterson, John Macdonald and Harry Costain (all from Peel). One of her shareholders was Charles Morrison a Peel grocer and it was to him the letters about the Lusitania rescue were sent. His daughter Eleanor Morrison was married to William Edward Teare, sailmaker and partner in Teare and Sons ships chandlers. Wanderer was sold to Ireland and renamed Erins Hope. Later she was fitted with a motor and continued fishing until the 1930s.

There were 771 survivors in all and 128 American citizens amongst the dead. In firing on a non military ship without warning the Germans had breached international law (the Cruiser Rules). The Germans accused Lusitania of being a naval vessel because she was reportedly carrying munitions and said the British had been breaching the Cruiser Rules. The presence of  munitions in the cargo was never proved and  this sinking caused a storm of protest in the United States. The resulting propaganda was important in changing public opinion and the subsequent decision for America to enter the war.

See the recent BBC article and video at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-isle-of-man-28677593

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Thomas Arthur Teare 1889 – 1915

poppyThomas Arthur Teare was born on 11 May 1889 in Urmston Lancashire son of Thomas Teare originally from Ballamona, Isle of Man and Alice Day born in St Neots, Cambridge.

Thomas’s father worked in the stationary trade and is variously recorded as a stationer, printer and stationery traveller or commercial traveller. They lived at various addresses in Urmston during Thomas’s childhood and at age of 22 in 1911 he was living at home but now employed as a bank clerk for the Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank in Cadishead. Thomas had two siblings Harry James (born 1891) who became an Insurance Clerk for the Boiler Insurance Company and a sister Doris Day Teare (born 1893).

Thomas was a pre war territorial and on 10 September 1914 he sailed with the 1st/6th Battalion Territorial Force of the Manchester Regiment for Egypt. In May 1915 the 1st/6th embarked for Gallipoli and disembarked at ‘W’ and ‘V’ beaches on 5 May. Each man carried 200 rounds of ammunition, 2 days supplies and iron rations – no baggage blankets or stores were allowed. On the 4 June they took part in the 3rd Battle of Krithia. Their first objective was taken and consolidated but the enemy counterattacked on the 6th

On Sunday 6 June Thomas was wounded twice and seen to fall into one of the many gullies characteristic of the Gallipoli peninsula. His brother Lance Sergeant Harry James Teare (later promoted to 2nd Lieutenant Manchester Regiment in June 1915), searched for him without success and he was later declared killed in action.  Sergeant Thomas Teare has no known final resting place and is remembered on the Helles memorial, Gallipoli and St Clements War memorial, Urmston.


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James Percival Teare 1896 – 1915

James Percival TeareJames Percival Teare (Percy) was born 23 August 1896 in Everton, Lancashire. His parents were Edward George Teare, originally from Darlington, Co Durham and Emma Eliza Skillicorn, originally from Douglas, IoM.

When Edward was born his father was a clerk but later he became the branch office manager for the Liverpool Echo. In 1901 James was living in Park View, Aughton, Lancashire with his parents and siblings Emma, Elizabeth, George, Lillie, Grace and Clifford. By 1911 the family were living in Stanleys Road, Bootle and he was finishing school. His older brother George was working with his father at the Liverpool Echo.

James started working as a clerk in the forwarding dept of the North Docks Station of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway and was also an energetic member of the Bootle Baptist Church. He enlisted into The Kings (Liverpool) Regiment  1st/7th Bn. on 14 May 1913 in Bootle aged 17. At his medical examination in 1914, when he was 18 years old, it was recorded that he was 5 feet 8 inches tall and 9 stones 6 lbs and his older brother, George, was on active service in Salonika.

He was inoculated on 23 February and embarked for France on 7 March 1915. Just over 2 months later he was killed in action on 16 May 1915.  A letter from from Signaller E. Weller (Ern), of the 7th King’s to his parents recalled that there had been a fierce attack by our Battalion upon the German trenches. “C” Company was ordered to advance. Machine guns were turned on them, and very few got back safe. At night some of our wounded crawled back. Many of them I spoke to, but could obtain no definite news of my dear friend. Two days later it was official that he had been killed. May God help you to bear this terrible blow. Try to think of Percy as called from a world of pain to be with the Master he loved so dearly.’

 In his will Percy left his pay to be divided between his mother and his fiancée Barbara Roberts. He has no known grave but is commemorated at the Le Touret memorial Richebourg-l’Avoue Department Pas de Calais, France and the War Memorials in Bootle and Stanley Road Baptist Church, Bootle.

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Thomas William Teare 1883 – 1914

Thomas William TeareThomas William Teare was born in Oldham Lancashire son of George Henry Teare and Sarah Nicholson and was baptized at St John the Baptist, Toxteth Park on 9 September 1883. His father, George, was ships carpenter and the family lived at Sefton Square, Liverpool.

In 1891 Thomas was living with his widowed mother and his siblings George, Albert, John and Mary in Ledwards Street and his mother was a shopkeeper. His mother remarried to Frederick Law, a baker, and in 1901 the extended family (Thomas and 3 siblings plus 4 step siblings) were living in Elswick, Northumberland.  By this time Thomas was working as a baker. But this didn’t last and Thomas joined the Northumberland Fusiliers, his service number suggests this was at some point in 1904. The normal length of service in those days was seven years so it was possibly a freshly discharged Thomas (a stripper and grinder by this point) who appears in the 1911 census back in Royton.

When war broke out, as a reservist, he was immediately called back to the colours. He would first have had to travel to the regimental depot in Newcastle and then all the way down to Portsmouth to the regiment’s 1st Battalion (the other regular battalion, the 2nd, was still in India). They set sail from Portsmouth on August 13th along with the 1st Lincolnshires on board the dangerously overcrowded SS Norman and arrived safely in Le Havre the following day. The strength of the battalion as it marched off the ship was 1016 officers and men. Almost all of whom would either be killed or wounded by the end of the year. They were to see action at The Battle of Mons and the rearguard action at Solesmes, The Battle of Le Cateau, The Battle of the Marne, The Battle of the Aisne, at La Bassee, Messines and the First Battle of Ypres.

It was during the Battle of Ypres that Thomas was killed. The battalion marched through Ypres on November 6th, Thomas Teare would have gone through the Menin Gate where his name is now engraved. The following day found the men dug in, waiting for an expected German attack. As expected, it came and the trenches either side of the position held by some of them were overrun. Others from the battalion launched a counter attack to try to retake the trenches they’d been driven from but the attack faltered. This left a group of Northumberland Fusiliers, led by a Captain Gordon isolated. A communications trench was quickly converted to a fire trench to face the new German positions. During the night Captain Gordon’s trenches were re-supplied with water and ammunition and he was ordered to hold their position at all costs.

On November 8th there was intermittent shell and rifle fire directed at the men until at 17:30 the Germans left their trenches and charged at Thomas Teare and his comrades. They were repulsed, suffering heavy losses. Some of the Germans died on the parapet of the 1st Northumberlands’ trench, a couple even getting into it. Thomas was killed in action on 08 November 1914 leaving £4 8 shillings and 6 pence pay which was split between his mother and 3 brothers, his step brother and step sister.  He is buried in Ypres, West Flanders and remembered on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres.


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John Stewart Teare 1893 – 1917

John_Teare_2[1]John Stewart Teare was born in Balwyn, Victoria, Australia in 1893 the second son of  John Corlett Teare and and Marion Melville McLulick Smith. John Corlett Teare was born in the Isle of Man and worked at Bennie, Teare and Co of Beckett Street Melbourne who were the sole Australian distributors for the Birmingham engineering company Tangyes, manufacturers of large engineering equipment used in farming, industry and mining.

John Stewart Teare was also working for Bennie, Teare and Co. and he enlisted in England in 1914, when he was at Birmingham University studying electrical engineering. He was first a private in the King Edwards Horse and 6 months later he gained a commission in the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) 180th Bde. He was posted to France in December 1915 and  promoted to 2nd Lieut  and then Lieut. He was awarded a Military Cross for valour in 1916.

He was killed in 1917 and with no known grave his name is recorded on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres, West Flanders, Belgium.

His elder brother, Athol M Teare, served in the Australian Imperial Force, New South Wales Division and gained an MC for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He was wounded in this action and hospitalised in England before returning to the front. He returned to Australia after the war. His younger brother Philip Teare joined the Australian Imperial Force becoming a Captain in the artillery.

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Richard Edward Teare 1886 – 1917

Richard Edward Teare photoRichard Teare was born in Kirkdale, Lancashire in October 1886. His parents, Albert John Teare and Sarah Janet Jones, lived Orwell Road and his father was an Outdoor Officer for the Board of Trade. In 1901 they moved to Toxteth Park and in 1911 to Whittier Street, Liverpool East.


By 1911 Richard was working as Warehouse Clerk Shipping and in 1912 he married Martha Jane Keown. They had two children Norman Lester Leslie Roland Teare and Gladys Teare.

Richard enlisted into the British Army on 4 December 1914 at Seaforth Lancashire as a private in The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment – 7th Bn. In 1915 his address is recorded as 54,Ripon Street Liverpool.

He was killed on 28 September 1917 in France and is buried in Outtersteene Communal Cemetery Extension, Bailleul, France. His wife remarried becoming M. J. Fraser (formerly Teare), of 10, Bruce St., Princes Park, Liverpool.

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Frank Teare 1889 – 1917

Frank Teare 1917 Calgary HeraldFrank was born in Peel in 1889 son of William Edward Teare sailmaker and partner in Teare and Sons ships chandlers and Eleanor Morrison daughter of Charles Morrison, a Peel grocer. They lived at 2 Crown Street.

Frank had an older stepbrother Frederick William, an older brother Archy (died in 1907 aged 11) and a younger brother Edward Morrison Teare. Frank’s older stepbrother Frederick was a merchant seaman and by the time war broke out in 1914 he had his masters certificate and was a river pilot in Rangoon, Burma. (See link Frederick Teare)

Frank attended King William’s College and was a keen sportsman enjoying golf and playing football for Peel AFC. Frank Teare Peel FC 1908 1909He was a member of the cup winning team of 1908/9 when Peel defeated Wanderers 2-1 at Tromode.  He became a surveyor and architect apprenticed to J.E. Teare of Douglas and in 1911 he emigrated to Quebec, Canada on the Empress of Ireland. He settled in Ontario and worked for the Canadian Government as a surveyor in the northern Alberta Region.

He enlisted into the Canadian Army in Calgary, Alberta in 1915 at the age of 26. His height was 5 ft 7inches and he had a fair complexion and hair and grey eyes.  The army had previously rejected him because of his eyesight, which was adversely affected by snowblindness caused during his surveying work.  He was drafted to England where he finished his training at Bramshott Camp before being sent to France where he was involved in the 1916 Somme offensive. He had a months furlough in Peel in January 1917 before returning to his regiment. He had been promoted to Corporal and was killed on 10 April 1917 taking part in the Canadian army campaign attacking and taking Vimy Ridge, a heavily fortified high point to the west of the town. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was fought between April 9 to 12 as part of the greater Battle of Arras. On April 10 the Battalion was near Hill 145, attacking at 3:15 p.m. and achieving all objectives by 3:45 p.m. even though enemy resistance was strong, the unit was relieved from their new positions that night.

frank teare memorialFrank is remembered on the memorial at Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France and on the Peel War Memorial.

He was killed within a few miles of his stepbrother Frederick Teare who was wounded at Fampoux on the 11 April in the battle of Arras and later died of his wounds in Etaples Military hospital on 23 April 1917.

Frank’s younger brother Edward Morrison Teare served in the Royal Engineers, survived the war and eventually retired to Peel and became a Peel Town Commissioner.


More about the battle for Vimy Ridge at http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/vimyridge.htm

Vimy Ridge Canadian Memorial  http://www.warmuseum.ca/firstworldwar/history/after-the-war/remembrance/vimy-memorial/

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The last sails made by Freddy Teare?


sails 1It’s always great when someone contacts me through Teare and Sons website to ask more details, correct me or give me more information. But it was quite a surprise when John Cowley contacted me to say that he had the last set of sails that had been made by Freddy Teare and would I like to see them?




Freddy Teare learned his trade as a sailmaker from his father, John and also whilst working in Barrow during WW1 when he was making all sorts of canvas covers for guns and equipment on battleships. Sailmaking was a ‘reserved occupation’ so he wasn’t called up into the army. Freddy Teare and his father John brought the Teare and Sons sailmakers and ships chandler business from their cousin Edward Morrison Teare after the end of the first world war. Teare and Sons continued in business on the Quay at Peel until 1964, increasingly making sails for yachts as the fishing fleet turned first to steam and then diesel engines.




Richard Cowley (John Cowley’s father) and Freddy used to go fishing together. Around 1963 Richard Cowley made a small fibre glass boat (10 foot 6 inches length) when working at Peel Engineering and so he asked Freddy to make him a set of sails. I contacted Freddy’s son, John Teare, and when I was in Peel in February we arranged to go and see John Cowley.

The day wasn’t ideal as it was a bit damp but we managed to hang the sails in the yard and have a good look at them.  The white cotton sailcloth sails are in good condition for their age and probably haven’t been used that much. The seams have been machine sewn but the sewing in of the thimbles for connecting the halyards and sheets is all done by hand and lovely to see as is the roping around the edge of the sails and the way it has been reduced in diameter where it finishes. I’ve included a few pictures here, which show the craftsmanship in these little sails. We’ll have to go back and get some better pictures when the weather is drier. Many thanks to John Cowley for contacting me and letting us see and touch this bit of sailmaking history and Peel craftsmanship.

sails 2

reefing point

reefing point

thimble detail

thimble detail

sails 3

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