Y-DNA testing and origins of Teare / Tear name

teare-and-sons-DNADevelopments in DNA testing over the last 20 years have contributed greatly to the recent increase in knowledge about people’s ethnic and genetic origins. The availability of a number of companies offering commercial testing has lead to a reduction in cost as well as improved range of tests and better knowledge of interpretation of results. The testing of the male Y chromosome has proved so far the most fruitful in this respect for two reasons:-

  • the male Y-chromosome is passed down largely unchanged from father to son, tracking the male genetic line (patrilineal) – and therefore tracks also all the male holders of one family name
  • there is a low rate of mutation of the Y-chromosome as it is passed from one generation to another, but the rate of change is sufficient to identify and track branches in family groups within the last 7-800 years, ie the genealogical timescale in which family names have been used.

The Manx Y-DNA study has been running for 8 years and now includes the Y DNA data on over 500 individuals of Manx origin. The ancestral Y DNA signatures of over 100 families of Manx origin have been identified providing new information on the origins of the early population of the Isle of Man, at a family level – where they came from and also insights into the process of the formation of Manx family names. Based on the sample of men tested in this study, approximately a quarter of the men of this early population of the Isle of Man, with male descendants surviving today, had male ancestors who previously came from Scandinavia and Northern Europe. The remainder came from neighbouring areas, mainly Ireland, Scotland and early Britain. The proportion of Scandinavian genes in the male population of the Isle of Man today will have been reduced due to influx of population in the 19 and 20th centuries. The close-relatedness of the Manx community genetically is a notable feature of the Isle of Man, as might be expected. Y-DNA testing indicates that a number of male lines are connected from early times. However autosomal DNA testing provides further anecdotal evidence of this characteristic amongst a small population of people with Manx ancestry.

Teare / Tear family ancestry

Analysis of the Tear/e family lines show there are two distinct male ancestors living about 1000 years ago who are ancestors to Teare families living today. These can be defined broadly as the Patrick/Peel line with origins in Celtic Britain and the Andreas line having origins in Ireland. Of course this does not mean that there have not been connections between these 2 family lines during the intervening years – indeed it would be extremely unlikely for that to be the case.

From Manx Y-DNA Study – 8 Year Report – Results by Family Name

Tear/e – Line 1:  Patrick/Peel Origins

Hg R1b: Celtic origin: Defining Y-SNP: R-L21>DF13>Z253>L1066

The earliest surviving documentary record of this name on the Island was from 1372. Early forms of the name were ‘Mactyr/Mac Tere/Mac Terre/Mc Tyre’ and it was believed to mean ‘Son of the craftsman.’ Y-DNA testing up to 67 markers has been such that the ancestral haplotype has been identified. This name is unique to the Isle of Man and is not formed elsewhere. Y-DNA testing and analysis shows that this male line belongs to Haplogroup R1b and the lowest level Y-SNP identifiable is R-L21>DF13>Z253>L1066. Analysis suggests that the patriarchs of this male line, before they arrived on the Isle of Man, lived in Celtic Britain.

Tear/e – Line 2:  Andreas origins

Hg R1b: Celtic origin: Defining Y-SNP: R-L21>M222

The earliest surviving documentary record of this name on the Island was from 1372. Early forms of the name were ‘Mactyr/Mac Tere/Mac Terre/Mc Tyre’ and it was believed to mean ‘Son of the craftsman.’ Y-DNA testing up to 67 markers has been such that the ancestral haplotype has been identified. This name is unique to the Isle of Man and is not formed elsewhere. Y-DNA testing and analysis shows that this male line belongs to Haplogroup R1b and the lowest level Y-SNP identifiable is R-L21>M222. Analysis suggests that the patriarchs of this male line, before they arrived on the Isle of Man, lived in Ireland (Ui Niall Dynasty).

The full report is available at: http://www.manxdna.co.uk/results.htm

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Unlocking Stories from the Archives: the Records of Teare and Sons, Sail Makers and Ship Chandlers of Peel

Featured on the imuseum website – June 2017

Unlocking Stories from the Archives: the Records of Teare and Sons, Sail Makers and Ship Chandlers of Peel

Posted on 16.06.2017

Manx National Heritage Library & Archives hold the archive of a small family business called Teare and Sons, Sail Makers and Ship Chandlers. The business was established in 1866 by John Teare (a rope maker) and his son William Edward Teare (a sail maker) – interesting fact – William Teare was the brother-in-law of folklorist and fellow Peel resident Sophia Morrison (1859-1917). The business was situated on The Quay on the corner of St Peter’s Lane. The sail making room was in the loft whilst the ground floor was taken up by the chandler business selling ropes, paint, cork (for nets), chains, nets, linseed oil, paraffin and petrol.

See more at:


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Brothers Frederick and Frank Teare from Peel killed in the battle of Arras April 1917

poppyFrederick and Frank Teare, stepbrothers born in Peel, were in two different armies when the battle of Arras started on 9 April 1917. They died within days of each other and despite being in the same battle and within miles of each other almost certainly had no idea they were so close. Frederick and Frank Teare are remembered on the Peel War memorial.

In the spring of 1917, British Empire and French forces began a combined offensive against the German Army on the Western Front in France. British Empire troops attacked around Arras on 9 April. Far to the south, the French launched their attack on 16 April, along the Chemin des Dames ridge. Arras had been close to the front line throughout the war, and was dominated by the high ground of Vimy Ridge. The German defences were formidable, with several lines of trenches, concrete blockhouses and deep dugouts.

The Canadian Corps, made up of the 4 Canadian Divisions, attacked and captured the high ground of Vimy Ridge that dominates the Douai plain and provides unobstructed views in all directions.

Frank Teare, a corporal in the Canadian Infantry Alberta Reg: 50th Bn. was killed on the 10 April 1917, the second day of the battle for Vimy Ridge. Despite severe cold and unseasonal snow the Canadians captured the majority of Vimy Ridge on the first day. They dug in and consolidated their positions overnight and on the 10th were attacking a small summit known as Hill 145. By the 12 April the Canadians controlled the whole ridge but at a cost – 10,602 Canadians were wounded during the attack, and 3,598 killed.

More about the story of Frank Teare and how he came to be in the Canadian Army here.

To the south an advance of over three and a half miles achieved by the 9th (Scottish) Division and the ‘leapfrogging’ 4th Division resulted in the capture of the village of Fampoux. This advance was the longest made in a single day by any belligerent from static trenches.

Frederick Teare, a sergeant in the 2nd Seaforth Highlanders, was wounded on the 11 April in the disastrous attack from Fampoux. Only 57 of the 363 men and 12 officers who started the attack returned unscathed. He died from his wounds in Hospital in Etaples 12 days later.

More about the story of Frederick Teare and how a master mariner came to die on the Western Front here.

Go to Teare WW1 memorial page.

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John Henry Teare built the first bicycle on the Isle of Man 1867

john henry teare bicycleMost people hearing of ‘cycling’ and the ‘Isle of Man’, will probably think of Mark Cavendish and Peter Kennaugh, both sportsmen who have achieved amazing success.

But someone else who deserves recognition in the field of Manx cycling is the man who manufactured the first ever cycle on the Island.

In the picture is John Henry Teare, sitting on the machine he made when he was about 19 years of age.

The son of a blacksmith from Andreas, (baptismal record for 13 Feb 1847), the cycle was completed at Smeale Smithy in either 1866 or early 1867.

The handwritten annotation to the photograph states it was taken in c.1867 so it’s possible this was done to commemorate the achievement.

(source: imuseum http://bit.ly/2llUcEj)


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Denys Teare 1922-2015 – Ordre national de la Légion d’honneur

Denys Teare passed away peacefully in Ramsey Cottage Hospital on 1 December 2015 aged 93 years.

Denys Teare Legion of Honour

I have posted previously about Denys and his book ‘Evader’. In 1944 he lived in France for over 12 months following the crash landing of the Lancaster bomber ‘S’ for Sugar’ returning from a raid over Germany. Amazingly all the crew survived but did not meet up again until after the war. Denys spent his 22nd birthday in France, learned French, helped farmers bring in the harvest and helped the local resistance forces before meeting up with the American 3rd Army when they eventually reached the town where he was hiding. http://teareandsons.com/2013/12/book-recommendation-evader-by-denys-teare/

Earlier this year (2015)  Denys was awarded the Ordre national de la Légion d’honneur by the French Government in recognition of his wartime service and his part in helping in the liberation of France in 1944. http://teareandsons.com/2015/03/denys-teare-ordre-national-de-la-legion-dhonneur/

Evader was first published in 1954. Now published by Crecy Publishing it is available from on line retailers. It’s a great read.

Condolences to his partner Marian and all his family and friends.

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Teare genetics: Y-DNA and the origins of Manx family names

teare and sons DNAThe Teare name is Manx in origin and its earliest recording is from 1599. It has developed and contracted to its modern spelling from the Manx Gaelic ‘Mac-y-teyir’ meaning ‘son of the craftsman or carpenter’. The Y-DNA project, which uses modern DNA analysis to trace the male genetic line, has shown that the Teare families tested have two separate male ancestors, both of Celtic origin, who would have lived about 1000 years ago.

The Isle of Man is small geographically (221 square miles) and its population has always been small relative to its larger neighbours. Despite being equidistant to Scotland, England, and Ireland (about 20 miles) and a little further to Wales the population historically had little mixing with ‘the other countries’. In this rural community, until the 19th century, the majority of the population worked on the land or the sea; often both – farming most of the time but also taking advantage of the seasonal herring fishery around the island. It was common to have marriages between neighbouring families, especially when farmers were looking to acquire new land or marrying someone from another parish. Consequently anyone researching their Manx family history will soon find their ancestors were related to a range of families, usually with very Manx names.

Families who have been connected with the Isle of Man over the last 500-1000 years are identifiable by their distinctive Manx family names. Previously people were known by single or personal names, sometimes nicknames, such as Duggan meaning the ‘little dark man’. Around 1000 years ago the Celtic patronymic system of names started to be adopted where the personal name was based on the name of your father or grandfather. This system means that a person can be identified by their personal name plus that of their male ancestor, for example Cormac MacNeill = Cormac Son of Neill. Names could describe attributes of the individual, their appearance, trade, or the place they lived but the Celtic patronymic ‘Mac’ meaning ‘the son of’ was the most common. From about 1100 AD onwards on the Isle of Man these family names, mostly unique to the Island, started to be adopted permanently and passed down to father to son unchanged.

Today there are some 125 hereditary family names surviving and still in use on the Island and these are the modern forms of the original Gaelic names in use around 1000 years ago. Modern genetic analysis using DNA testing throws light on the early history of the Manx population by tracking the Y-DNA makeup of men bearing these distinctive Manx names, including Teare. So far the study shows that Manx families tested are descended from one or two original patriarchs and so can be described as having a known genetic origin – the picture that would be expected for small families possessing family names with low overall frequency (see www.manxdna.co.uk for more details of the approx. 80 names investigated and latest results).

The Isle of Man was under the rule of a number of Scandinavian or Norse invaders for around 350 years and the study reveals only 25% of men of Manx origin today are descended from Scandinavians. This is a smaller number than might have been expected and the majority of modern Manx men have Celtic origins from men who arrived either from Scotland or Ireland. From the testing of modern Teare men in Isle of Man, UK and USA it is clear there are two different Teare genetic lines (both Celtic) on the Isle of Man. More testing is on-going to try and determine a more precise picture. However, testing carried out so far does confirm that the Teare lines from Peel (now in IoM and UK) and Patrick (now in USA) are closely related – for more on this connection see http://teareandsons.com/category/mining/ .

The phenomenon of two separate Teare male family lines is a good example of the same hereditary family name being formed in parallel and at around the same time (family names became hereditary on the Isle of Man between ca 1050 and 1300AD) by different families.  In a Gaelic speaking environment where patronymic names were in use, it is easy to expect that the same “son of: something/somebody” name could be adopted by more than one male-led family group at the same time.

But if this is true and occurs in the small Gaelic world of the Isle of Man, then it is even more so in the wider Gaelic-speaking world of Ireland and Scotland. So the Irish Kelly’s have no connection at all with the Manx Kellys for example. Hence we must learn not necessarily to expect that all families with the same name of Gaelic patronymic origin automatically have a genetic connection with each other!

However, all Manx families have mixed origins especially with the marriages between families over the centuries. Certain families are descended from a small group of male patriarchs who arrived on the Island in early times and this means many present day descendants of the families bearing unique Manx names, like Teare, are much more closely related to each other than they realise.

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Wilfred Kneale Teare 1896-1919

poppyWilfred Kneale Teare was born in 1896 in Chesterfield, Derbyshire son of James Teare born in Ramsey, IoM and Anne Arnott born in Ripley, Derbyshire. She was totally deaf since the age of 19. His father worked as a hewer in a coal mine and in 1901 the family was living in Bolsover. In 1911 Wilfred was still living with his family but now at 10 Cavendish Street, Mansfield and he was working as a coupler in a coal mine. He was the oldest of 5 children – his younger brothers Harold Thomas, Leslie Hector and the youngest Cyril Robert and his sister Christina Margaret.

He enlisted into the army at Mansfield on the 10 September 1914 becoming a private in the Sherwood Foresters Notts and Derby Regiment 1st /8th battn . He was described as 5ft 9¾in with a fresh complexion, blue grey eyes and light brown hair.

He was in the UK from September 1914 to June 1915 when he was posted to France arriving in Rouen on 29/6/15. The battn was the first complete Territorial Division to arrive in a theatre of war when they joined the BEF in the Ypres salient. They were in action during the German liquid fire attack at Hooge and the attack at the Hohenzollern Redoubt.

The Battn was involved in the capture of Gommecourt from the end of 1916 to March 1917 From The Sherwood Foresters in the Great War: At 7 a.m. on the 13 March Capt. A. Hacking, in command of A Company, ordered Lieut. A. H. Michie with his platoon to seize Kite Copse. Michie made a rapid reconnaissance, and in a very short time found himself in possession of this important point, the enemy garrison having nearly all left to fetch their rations. The water was boiling in the dug-outs, and a supply of coffee was found, which enabled Michie’s platoon to get breakfast as soon as the position was consolidated. During the evening the enemy made two determined counter-attacks against the position, but these were both driven off with heavy loss by the excellent work of Pvte. Teare with his Lewis gun, Sergt. King and Corpl. Scrimshaw.’

Wilfred was subsequently awarded the Military Medal for gallantry in the field. The citation reads ‘ for excellent work with his Lewis gun when the enemy made two determined counter-attacks on the position at Kite Copse, Gommecourt on 13/03/1917.’

At the end of March 1917 the Battn was posted to Westrehem where they undertook 2 weeks of extensive refitting and training especially in new company and platoon formations for attack. It was during this time that Wilfred was promoted to rank of corporal (3/4/17). The Battn were then deployed in the Lens /Loos area alternating between the front line and reserves ‘to a delightful little spot known as Marqueffles Farm, nestling under the wooded slopes of the Lorette Ridge.’

In June 1918 Wilfred was admitted to Hospital in Boulogne and eventually returned to UK where he was referred to the specialist heart unit in Colchester. He was discharged from the army in September 1918 as being no longer physically fit for service due to a heart condition, severe VDH (valvular disease heart) having aortic insufficiency and consequent shortness of breath which became worse with exercising. In the opinion of the medical board this had been exacerbated by his military service. He had a reference as a very good military character, sober, honest, trustworthy and intelligent and was awarded a pension.

He died on 17 June 1919 as a result of his heart condition. The Mansfield Chronicle Advertiser for 19/06/1919: ‘Military Funeral at Mansfield. Wilfred Teare of 16 Southwell Road has died from the effects of gas poisoning. He had been gassed twice and he was discharged from the army.’ He is buried in Nottingham Road Cemetery, Mansfield and remembered on the war memorial there.

Wilfred’s brother, Harold Thomas Teare served in the Coldstream Guards and after the war he emigrated to Canada along with their younger brother, Cyril.


The Sherwood Foresters in the Great War by W.C.C. Weetman http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20527/20527-h/20527-h.htm


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Charles Henry Teare 1895-1918

CHTeareCharles Henry Teare was born 23 January 1895 in Douglas, IoM, son of John Teare, a general labourer and Lydia Margaret Clague. In 1901 the family was living at 12 Barrack Street and there were 5 siblings George S, John F, Gladys E, Thomas A and Margaret L. In 1911 Charles was working as a message boy.

Charles was first a private in the King’s Liverpool Regiment (No. 26942) but in November 1918 he was private 48822 in the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 6th Battn.

The 6th (Service) Battalion Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers transferred to the 151st Brigade of the 50th Division in July 1918 and engaged in various actions on the Western Front including; The Battle of the St Quentin Canal, The Battle of the Beaurevoir Line, The Battle of Cambrai 1918, The pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Selle, The Battle of Valenciennes. These are referred to as the battles of the 100 days being the final battles on the western front before the defeat of the German armies and the armistice on 11 November 1918.

Major General Sir Archibald Montgomery writing the story of the fourth army in the battles of the 100 days August to November 1918 recalled ‘Throughout the remainder of November 7th considerable fighting took place. The numerous sunken roads, copses, and hedgerows concealed the enemy’s machine-guns which covered the withdrawal of his rearguards. Slowly but surely, however, each centre of resistance was located and dealt with in turn. Particularly severe was the fighting in the 50th Division area in the village of Dourlers, which was captured by the 6th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers supported by the 1st King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry.’

Charles Teare died of wounds on the 7 November 1918 and is buried in Dourlers Communal Cemetery Department du Nord, Nord Pas de Calais, France and so it seems very probable that he was in the severe fighting when the 6th (Service) Battalion Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers took the village of Dourlers on that day.  He is remembered on the Onchan War Memorial, Harris Promenade Memorial, Douglas and in the Ireland Memorial Records 1914-18.

THE STORY OF THE FOURTH ARMY IN THE BATTLES OF THE HUNDRED DAYS AUGUST T0 NOVEMBER 1918 MAJOR GENERAL SIR ARCHIBALD MONTGOMERY https://archive.org/stream/storyoffourtharm00mont/storyoffourtharm00mont_djvu.txt

Thank you to Carolyn Moore and relatives of C H Teare for permission to use this photograph

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Philip Norman Teare 1892-1917

Philip Norman TearePhilip Norman Teare was born 20 March 1892 near the town of Happy Valley, O’Halloran Hill, South Australia son of Philip Thomas Teare and Lucy Isabelle Kenihan. Philip worked as Porter on the South Australia Railways living in Keswick, South Australia.

He enlisted into the army in December 1915 in Adelaide and was described as 5ft 6½in tall, 132 lbs with medium complexion dark hair and grey eyes. He was posted to A Coy 2nd Depot Battn then to the 27th Infantry Battn of the Australian Imperial Forces and was posted overseas in 1916. They left Adelaide in March and arrived in France in September.

On 20 September 1917 the 27th Battn took part in the Battle of Menin Road. During the battle, they were committed to the fighting as part of the first wave, which routed the German forces.  Advancing under a cover of artillery and machine gun fire, the battalion captured a section of the German line known as the ‘Blue Line’ between Polygon Wood and a position known as the Iron Cross Redoubt.Later, they successfully took part in the Battle of Broodenseinde on 4 October,which was their last major offensive action in 1917.

Philip received shrapnel wounds to his knee in May 1917 and on 14th October was promoted to Corporal. Two weeks after his promotion the battalion was sent forward to the front line as part of the continuing Second Battle of Paschendale (also called the 3rd Battle of Ypres).

He was fatally wounded on 28 October when the Battn diary records they were ‘in the same positions C Coy carried 29th Bn rations to the front line. Heavy bombardment of the Anzac and Westhoek ridge with mustard gas shells ‘. Philip Norman Teare died of his wounds (gas poisoning) on 2 November 1917 in 17th Casualty Clearing Hospital, Belgium and is buried in Lijssenthoek Military Cemetry, Poperinge, West Flanders and is remembered on the Australian War Memorial.


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Herbert Douglas Teare 1897-1918

poppyHerbert Douglas Teare was born 20 May 1897 in Peel IoM, son of William James Teare a General Labourer and Christian Caine.  In 1901 the family was living in Princess Street, Douglas and he was the youngest with 2 brothers (Robert William and John Albert) and 2 sisters (Emily Gladys and Eva Alice). Before he joined up Herbert worked as a roper at Quiggin and Co Ropeworks.

Herbert enlisted into the Lancashire Fusiliers 2/7th Battn. in Douglas.  The 2/7th Battalion was formed at Salford in August 1914 as a home service (“second line”) unit. In February 1915 they were attached to 197th Brigade, 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division and landed at Le Havre 28 February 1917. In March 1918, the brigade suffered extremely high and horrendous casualties during Operation Michael, the opening phase of the German Army’s Spring Offensive.  On the morning of 21 March, a large-scale German attack began the Battle of St Quentin. Elements of the German 25th and 208th divisions attacked through heavy fog at dawn, overwhelming the 4th East Lancashires and 2/8th Lancashire Fusiliers (24th Division)  which held positions in the forward zone. On the right flank, near the boundary with 24th Division, a reserve company of 2/7th Manchesters held a defensive position from 11:00 am to 7:00 pm, when they surrendered, having taken 70 percent casualties and run out of ammunition. Consequently the battn was reduced to a cadre status and became a training battn seeing no more active service.

Herbert was killed in the action on the 21 March 1918, the first day of the battle of St Quentin when the Lancashires lost over 7000 men. He is remembered at Pozieres Memorial Picardie, France.  His final pay due was paid to his mother and his sister Eva Alice.



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